Art Deco was an international design movement that spread over fourteen years, from 1925 to 1939. It played an important role in the development and progress of modern art. The Deco movement embodied a mix of different contemporary decorative arts, mostly from the 1920s to the 1930s. These styles were the derivatives of a number of contemporary painting philosophies of the twentieth century, including Neoclassical, Constructive, Cubism, Modernism, Art Nouveau, and Futurism. The Deco movement has influenced a variety of decorative arts, including architecture, interior design, industrial design, and visual arts such as fashion, painting, graphic arts, and cinema.
The term “Art Deco” was coined in 1925 at the Expostion Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes in 1925 in Paris. The exhibition exhibition was organized by some French artists to promote the creation of a new genre of art. , adapted to modern lifestyle, with a clear sense of individuality and excellent diligence. The organizers of the Exhibition were members of the La Societe des artistes Decorors, including Hector Guinmard, Eugene Grasset, Raoul Lachenal, Paul Follot, Maurice Dufrene and Emily Decour. The term “Art Deco”, however, became widely known only in 1968, when art historian Bris Hiller published his famous book, Art Deco of the 1920s and 1930s, and organized an exhibition entitled Art Deco. At the Art Institute of Minneapolis.
This movement was distinguished by the abstraction, manipulation and simplification of popular geometric snow colors, and the vivid use of colors. The color scheme and the curves of the mixture were the key points of the true “Deco” works. The so-called “ancient arts” of the Aztecs of Africa, Ancient Egypt and Mexico clearly inspired this movement. In the age of machine and simple technology, materials such as plastics, enamels, hard concrete, and the unusual type of glass, the “vita-glass,” had a profound effect on movement. There is ample evidence that materials such as aluminum, stainless steel, varnish, and built-in wood, as well as exotic materials such as zebra and shark, show evidence.
The Empire State Building, known for its pyramid-like structure, and the ry Chrysler Building, known for its multi-layered dome, are living examples of the Deco style. The movement even outlined the Parisian fashion industry in the 1920s. The clothes were sporting large chrome buttons, hats with caps on their heads, which were worn with huge fur collars, hanging earrings and so-called “bare hair”, which have a completely new and revolutionary look. The BBC Building in Portlandland and the basement of the Strand Palace Hotel in London are examples of pure Art Deco style. The popularity of this movement was beaten in the late 30’s and 40’s, but it regained its lost luster in the 1980s with the help of “graphic design”.